The origin of Chinese characters may be traced again over three thousand years to the Shang (or Yin) dynasty. We all know the writing of this time from divinatory inscriptions carved on the bones and shells of turtles: it’s Jia Gu Wen. Greater than 5 thousand indicators have been recorded, however the that means of a lot of them continues to be unsure or completely unknown. They’re, nonetheless, the direct ancestors of present Chinese characters. Found within the final century, they aren’t a mode of conventional Chinese calligraphy, however some calligraphers additionally like to make use of them. Caractère Dragon en Jaiguwen Then again, the writing discovered on the bronzes (jinwen) of the next dynasty, the Zhou, has by no means disappeared. His fashion of calligraphy is named “sigillary script” (zhuanshu). We distinguish the good sigillary (dazhuan) and the small sigillary (xiaozhuan). The nice sigillary teams collectively totally different scripts (together with some Jia Gu Wen characters which had been preserved) used earlier than the creation of the empire by the First Emperor in 221 BC. From that date, the coverage of infication additionally prolonged to writing. Just one fashion of Chinese calligraphy is preserved which will probably be referred to as the little sigillary. Caractère Dragon en Jinwen Caractère Dragon en Petit sigillaire After the creation of the empire a brand new fashion of Chinese calligraphy appeared: the official or “scribal” (lishu) writing. Less complicated than initials, it writes sooner and is due to this fact very talked-about for administration. The indicators are very near the present sinograms and all Chinese persons are in a position to learn them, which isn’t at all times the case for the sigillary and even much less for the Jia Gu Wen. Caractère Dragon en Lishu Below the Han, within the third century of our period, a brand new fashion of Chinese calligraphy appeared, extra elegant referred to as “common” (kaishu). Obeying very strict guidelines, it’s characterised by a smoother format and nice stability. That is the “regular” fashion, the one younger Chinese individuals study to put in writing. Caractère Dragon en Style Régulier Kaishu Nonetheless beneath the Han, a slight deformation of the common fashion gave delivery to a brand new fashion of Chinese calligraphy: the “present” or “common” (xingshu) fashion. Because the title suggests, it’s a cursive model of the common fashion that makes writing sooner whereas nonetheless being simply readable. It’s a calligraphic fashion in its personal proper. Caractère Dragon en Style Régulier Kaishu The “grass” (caoshu) fashion may be very branched. It’s distinguished by a linked writing, very free (it usually exceeds the imaginary sq.) and tough to learn. The variations are very quite a few. Caractère Dragon en Style de l'Herbe These six types are the benchmarks in Chinese calligraphy. However many artists have given us their very own fashion reflecting their character. The works of the previous masters due to this fact permit the examine of an infinite vary of variations.